Nowadays, we are experiencing an electricity scarcity we are experiencing a Lead in shortage too. So the battery manufacturing cost and resulting end user prices are sky high also a shortage of batteries in the market. We are also experiencing a hike in fuel prices considerably, is bound to go on as time pass by as soon we will be shortage of fuel too. There is an emphasis on using fuel appreciably but nobody is taking care of it.
But we are at least taking the consideration of it and with this we are trying to put a novel concept in the market.Government is also promoting the use of renewable energy in each of every operation. The biggest option to replace the conventional theory of fuel operation, can be replaced by the battery based theory, is environment friendly too.The only problem associated with the battery based technique is it needs to be recharged and the charging time is considerable high.
So it can’t replace the fuel completely, if we are thinking of using the battery based vehicle for conveyance. The other problem associated with the battery vehicle is the battery weight takes the maximum weight of the total weight of the vehicle.
So it needs to be reduced because it directly affects the performance of the vehicle. As due to more weight its mileage will be on shorter side due to maximum weight, if we reduce the weight the mileage will improve many folds easily in one charge.
The fact is the battery charging is done using the electricity so in all sense we are using electricity. We are eliminating these necessities to some extend, As in our vehicle we are using the solar energy for operation as we are blessed with at least 300 days a total sunlight.
And we are using the Capacitor as a source of storage of charge rather than the battery, this in effect will reduce the dead weight of the vehicle and reduce the weight of the vehicle considerably and improve the performance but we are not using the battery so we are using the solar panel to power the motor used in the vehicle and the capacitor bank as a source of temporary storage. We will have a system which will continuously scan the capacitor bank and charging the capacitor bank and the charge is discharged into the motor directly. As the charge is stored momentarily the wattage requirement reduces considerably and yielding a better result.
The unique feature of the vehicle is being solar operated system, but it does not use battery to supply the motor, instead it uses capacitor banks there are four different capacitor banks used in this system, where there banks are switched one by one using the high frequency switching through the microcontroller.
Many specifications must to know about solar car from solar array , motor, capacitor bank and so on each specification has theory and calculation to mate it function correctly & able to move perfectly. The most important things id\s the capacitor bank because before this there is no solar car driven by a capacitor bank. This project a lot depends on capacitor bank because it using influence if the solar car can drive or not.
Using brain storming techniques to generate ideas , several initial design may be consider a common place to start is with the shape of the car since it will dictate the design of many other system initial designing concept are also developed for chassis design mechanical system design electric system design, driving train design& solar array design that show promise are investigated further so that design can be compare through trade of studies the concept must be eliminated until a final design can be agreed upon there are many factors to consider to each design, for example:
Weight,Efficiency and Speed
Basically research about capacitor bank to drive a solar car was a something new. Success do not depends on question that will answer it later from the research this research is carried out to get an answer for the question as follows.
a) How to build a solar car with capacitor bank? In this research author will built a proto type to improve the fact.
b) How a capacitor bank can drive a solar car? Connection between capacitor bank and motor is important thing.
Knowledge about solar array also important because the array is made up of many photovoltaic solar cell that convert sun energy into electricity .the cell types & the dimensions of the array depends on the vehicle size and class.
More over knowledge about drive train in solar car is very different from that a conventional car. Throw this project the drive trains consist of electric motor & the means by which the motor power is transmitted to the vehicle to move.
This project is to design a solar capacitor bank powered vehicle with objective as follows:
a) To design use photovoltaic source of power.
b) To fabricate & assemble a working proto type model.
This project is more focus on solar capacitor bank powered vehicle. The scope of this project is as follows:
a) Selection of solar panel.
b) Selection of capacitor bank.
c) Selection of chassis, selection of motor etc.